15 Countries Where Bitcoin is Legal and Illegal

15 Countries Where Bitcoin is Legal and Illegal

It can be given directly to or received from anyone with a wallet address via peer-to-peer transactions. Bitcoin also trades on various exchanges around the world, which is how its price is established. Investing in cryptocurrencies and other Initial Coin Offerings (“ICOs”) is highly risky and speculative, and this article is not a recommendation by Investopedia or the writer to invest in cryptocurrencies or other ICOs.

  1. In order to evade the worst impact of crippling economic sanctions, Iran has instead turned to the lucrative practice of Bitcoin mining in order to finance imports.
  2. At the start of 2017, the Financial Administration of Slovenia (FURS) provided some guidelines on taxation for cryptocurrencies.
  3. Japan takes a progressive approach to crypto regulations, recognizing cryptocurrencies as legal property under the Payment Services Act (PSA).
  4. In 2022, the government of Estonia introduced a draft legislation for tighter regulation of crypto markets but the Finance Minister assured there would be no explicit bans.
  5. Additionally, cryptocurrencies incur a capital gain tax as they are interpreted as property.

It is legal to trade and hold bitcoin as well as other cryptocurrencies in Ireland. Businesses and citizens of Cyprus enjoy a relatively relaxed regulatory cryptocurrency environment with no specific legal or regulatory framework in force. The Central Bank of Cyprus has stated that bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are “not illegal, but, at the same time, neither it is subject to control or regulation”. Greece currently has no specific or explicit regulatory legislation regarding taxation of cryptocurrency income or income derived from mining. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are not regulated in the UK and are legal to trade and hold.

Uzbekistan legalized crypto trading in 2018 allowing citizens to exchange, buy, or sell. The CBC and the Financial Supervisory Commission of Taiwan (FSC) has increasingly warned and tightened supervision over cryptocurrencies. With no explicit ban, bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies continue to be traded in Taiwan. On November 2021, Chilean Congressman Karim Bianchi introduced a proposal that would recognize and regulate the use of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as legal means of payment. Cryptocurrencies are viewed as property in Sweden and are legal to trade and hold.

Thailand deems the trading and holding of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies legal, lifting a previous ban the Thai Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) enacted in 2014. The Central Bank of Malaysia released a statement in 2014 clarifying that it does not regulate the operations of Bitcoin. The Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago released a statement on January 25, 2019 clarifying that cryptocurrencies are neither regulated nor supervised by the government in Trinidad and Tobago. While Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies are not recognized as legal tender in Trinidad and Tobago, it is legal for citizens to buy, store, and sell them. While not officially banned, the Bank of Tanzania advises not to use cryptocurrency, stressing that the Tanzanian shilling is the only acceptable legal tender.

While cryptocurrency has existed since 2009, governments and regulators globally are still working out ways to govern its uses. Consumers and businesses must be protected from fraudulent activity, and preventative measures must be implemented to fight illicit crypto uses. Many countries are creating policies and legislation, while others lag for various reasons. Cryptocurrency is legal throughout most of the European Union (EU), although exchange governance depends on individual member states. Meanwhile, taxation also varies by country within the EU and ranges from 0% to about 48%.

Despite the restrictions, there are some in Mexico who have embraced the virtual currencies, with the country’s largest crypto exchange Bitsos boasting 1 million registered users. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a European country located just off of the coast. There is no special regulatory framework for Bitcoin in the country, and the buying and selling of cryptocurrencies by individuals is subject to a capital gains tax which is payable on any gains that are made on disposal. Depends on the nature of the transactions and whether they are one off or part of daily activity.

PwC also identified many countries that do not allow cryptocurrencies to be used. Bukele’s landslide victory is a testament to the Salvadoran population’s endorsement of his governance and bitcoin strategy. While challenges remain, particularly in balancing the enthusiasm for cryptocurrency with economic stability and international relations, Bukele’s second term presents an opportunity to solidify El Salvador’s position as a pioneering bitcoin nation. The re-election signals not just continuity but potentially an expansion of El Salvador’s pro-bitcoin agenda.

El Salvador Adopted Bitcoin as an Official Currency; Salvadorans Mostly Shrugged

Recently, the EU’s Fifth and Sixth Anti-Money Laundering Directives (5AMLD and 6AMLD) have come into effect, tightening KYC/CFT obligations and standard reporting requirements. In September 2020, the European Commission proposed the Markets in Crypto-Assets Regulation (MiCA)—a framework that increases consumer protections, establishes explicit crypto industry conduct, and introduces new licensing requirements. The continuous fight between regulators, broker-dealers, investors, and the crypto industry shows that the U.S. is still evolving, regardless of the frameworks introduced and the powers given to regulators. This ledger is then sent to all of the participants of the blockchain, including both miners and nodes.

Countries Where Bitcoin Is Legal and Illegal

Bitcoin is a decentralized, digital currency that uses blockchain technology and cryptography to create a secure network and public ledger. By using the capabilities of these technologies, Bitcoin allows for a pseudonymous way for people to transact with one another. The European Union has passed no specific legislation relative to the status of bitcoin as a currency, but has stated that VAT/GST is not applicable to the conversion between traditional (fiat) currency and bitcoin.

There are cryptocurrency-specific reporting requirements relating to Know Your Client (KYC) standards, as well as anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT). Although investors still pay capital gains tax on crypto trading profits, more broadly, taxability depends on the crypto activities undertaken and who engages in the transaction. Based on the public decision issued by the Ministry of Finance of Georgia in 2019,[154] crypto, by its very nature, is not “sourced” in any specific geographical location, meaning that it is not considered “Georgian sourced”.

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It is important to be aware of the laws where your Bitcoin transactions take place and understand that even in countries where it is legal, the exchange rate against government-backed currencies can be very volatile. It is intended to keep financial regulatory frameworks from fragmenting and level the financial playing field across the EU. The commission https://1investing.in/ also wants to ensure the public has access to and can safely use cryptocurrency. Bukele’s initial term was marked by bold initiatives aimed at transforming El Salvador’s economy. Since making bitcoin legal tender in 2021, El Salvador has ventured into uncharted financial waters, attracting international attention and, at times, criticism.

Up to 1 Jan In 2023, the Decree excludes revenue and profits from operations with tokens from the taxable base. In relation to individuals, the acquisition and sale of tokens is not considered entrepreneurial activity, and the tokens themselves and income from transactions with them are not subject to declaration. The peculiarity of the introduced regulation is that all operations will have to be carried out through the resident companies of the High-Tech Park. As of November 2023, bitcoin was legal in the U.S., Japan, the U.K., and most other developed countries. But in emerging markets and other areas, bitcoin’s legal status has varied dramatically. China heavily restricted bitcoin without actually criminalizing holding it in 2019 but has backed off somewhat, licensing certain exchanges to offer bitcoin and ether trading.

Income received from individual purchases and sales of crypto are taxed at a fixed 15% personal income tax rate. The State Bank of Vietnam has declared that the issuance, supply, and use of Bitcoin and other cryptos are illegal as a means of payment and are subject to punishment of fines ranging from 150 million VND (€5,600) to 200 million VND (€7,445). Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly linked cryptocurrency with criminal activity, calling for closer attention to cross-border crypto transactions in particular. But as more people turn to cryptos as either an investment or a lifeline, criticisms of crypto have continued to manifest in an array of restrictions on their usage. While some countries like El Salvador are embracing cryptocurrencies, others like China are leading sustained crackdowns on their use. Crypto exchanges and custodian wallet providers must comply with the reporting obligations of the Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation (OFSI).


It is legal to trade and hold bitcoin as well as other cryptocurrencies in Spain. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are not regulated in Australia and are therefore legal to trade and hold. It is legal to trade and hold bitcoin as well as other cryptocurrencies in France.

The Mechanics of the Bitcoin Blockchain

There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. In the end, Bitcoin has the potential to bring value and banking capabilities to folks around the world that might not otherwise have it. For Bitcoin, this means that people have bitcoin legal country to commit hardware that runs advanced calculations to validate transactions using its Proof of Work (PoW) consensus model. However, it’s important to take a step back and remember that not everyone believes in this project. Fears of widespread cryptocurrency crackdowns have had a long-standing effect on Bitcoin.